Septocaine® is indicated for local, infiltrative, or conductive anesthesia in both simple and complex dental procedures. Septocaine® with epinephrine 1:100,000 is preferred during operative or surgical procedures when improved visualization of the surgical field is desirable. Reactions to Septocaine® (pain and headache, for example, or convulsions or respiratory arrest following accidental intravascular injection) are characteristic of those associated with other amide-type local anesthetics. Septocaine® contains sodium metabisulfite, a sulfite that may cause allergic-type reactions including anaphylactic symptoms and life-threatening or less severe asthmatic episodes in certain susceptible people. Accidental intravascular injection may be associated with convulsions, followed by central nervous system or cardiorespiratory depression and coma, progressing ultimately to respiratory arrest. Dental practitioners and/or clinicians who employ local anesthetic agents should be well versed in diagnosis and management of emergencies that may arise from their use. Resuscitative equipment, oxygen, and other resuscitative drugs should be available for immediate use. Septocaine®, along with other local anesthetics, is capable of producing methemoglobinemia. The clinical signs of methemoglobinemia are cyanosis of the nail beds and lips, fatigue and weakness. If methemoglobinemia does not respond to administration of oxygen, administration of methylene blue intravenously 1-2 mg/kg body weight over a 5 minute period is recommended. Please see the Package Insert for prescribing information.